Ukraine Media Organizations

Broadcast Media

Hromadske Radio (Public Radio) is an independent ‘talk’ station. They are a web-based radio station and broadcast in several cities in Ukraine. Hromadske radio does not work for profit. The main source of Hromadske Radio’s financing is donations, primarily from business, institutions and individuals.

Content Samples:

“What does ratifying Paris Agreement mean for Ukraine”
Nataliya Boyko, Project Manager, Energy Reform, National Reforms Council, told Hromadske Radio about the difference between the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement and how ratifying the Paris Agreement will influence Ukraine’s energy policy.

“Karakurts in the Vinnytsia region and other consequences of the greenhouse effect”
Climate change expert Taras Bebeshko told Hromadske Radio about the threatening impact of increasing CO2 levels on Ukraine’s ecosystem, and the importance of adaptation to climate change.

https://hromadskeradio.org/programs/kyiv-donbas/shcho-dast-ukrayini-ratyfikaciya-paryzkoyi-klimatychnoyi-ugody
https://hromadskeradio.org/programs/hromadska-hvylya/karakurty-na-vinnychyni-ta-inshi-naslidky-parnykovogo-efektu-taras-bebeshko

Contact: Environmental writer – Olga Vesnianka, Email: gkpora@gmail.com, mail@hromadskeradio.org
Tel: +38 (044) 279-72-09, +38 067 220-16-74

Print Media

ClimateInfo is a source of information about climate change in the Ukrainian language. The Information Centre on Climate Change, “ClimateInfo,” was established in 2009 as a result of the British Council project “Challenge Europe. More action – Less carbon”, with the support of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy. Volunteers create materials and translate articles on the latest climate change research, inventions, economic trends and environmentally-friendly lifestyles.

“The climate crisis is already here – but no one’s telling us” – translation of The Guardian article.
The article states that the media largely relegates the greatest challenge facing humanity to footnotes as industry and politicians hurtle us towards systemic collapse of the planet.

“Earth heading for hottest year ever, warming speeds up” – translation of econews.com.au article.
The article states that global warming is happening faster than expected.

http://www.climateinfo.org.ua/content/2016-i-stav-naispekotnishim-rokom-poteplinnya-vidbuvaetsya-shvidshe-nizh-mi-togo-ochikuvali
http://www.climateinfo.org.ua/content/globalne-poteplinnya-vzhe-nastalo-ale-pro-tse-nikhto-ne-khoche-govoriti

Contact: Project coordinator – Veronika Kazina, Email: boosyaka@gmail.com, Tel: +38 095 317 40 26

Online Media

Economichna Pravda (literally “economic truth”) is a project of the popular Ukrainian Internet newspaper, Ukrayinska Pravda. Economichna Pravda launched a new column “Heat & Light” last year. Their goal is to engage the public over energy efficiency, reforms, and innovations in the energy sector.

Content Samples:
“Ukraine in the world “before the flood”: at the crossroads between the new economy and collapse”
The article states that replacing fossil fuels is the only opportunity for development of the Ukraine economy.

“On the threshold of the post-industrial revolution: Mask replaces Ford”
The article states that the technologies that are already rapidly bringing to market Elon Musk’s companies may change the transport sector and the energy sector.

http://www.epravda.com.ua/publications/2016/12/26/615842/
http://www.epravda.com.ua/publications/2016/11/24/612079/

Contact: Environmental writer – Savitsky Oleg, Email: savitsky@necu.org.ua
Editor of the “Heat & Light” – Zinchenko Andrij, Email: zinchenko.andrij@gmail.com,
econompravda@gmail.com

Ukraine Subnational Best Practices

Cities

All the cities below are signatories of the Covenant of Mayors. These cities have voluntarily committed to reduce their CO2 emissions by at least 20% by 2020 through increasing energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources on their territories.

Due to flaws of Soviet-period construction, the majority of housing stock in Ukraine is defined by very poor energy efficiency. Since optimizing energy consumption requires joint efforts of dwellers, housing cooperative makes a useful ownership form for arrangements between apartment owners and state initiatives in the field of energy efficiency.

Dolyna—A small town in Ivano-Frankivsk region was among the first ten cities in Ukraine to sign The Covenant of Mayors. The first energy efficiency projects were launched in 2010. Today, energy consumption of public institutions in the city are monitored online, with 60 percent of the institutions having been insulated to reduce thermal loss. Gas consumption in the public sector has been decreased by 62 percent; the share of alternative energy sources already constitutes 31 percent. A project for thermal insulation of condominiums with the budget of over 1 million euro is currently being implemented in the city. It is expected that in three years about one third of housing facilities will be thermally modernized.

Contact
Mayor – Volodymyr Harazd
Address: Prospect Nezalezhnosti Dolyna, 77500 Ukraine
Telephone: +38 (03477) 270305
Email: v_harazd@ukr.net

Lutsk—Housing cooperatives (OSBB in Ukrainian) are being actively created in this city. In 2013, there were 10 OSBB associations, while today they are more than 300. Such a form of association allows co-owners to get loans from banks for thermal modernization of their houses. Also, interest rate payments within these loans are being partly reimbursed from the government budget. Lutsk was one of the first cities that began financial support for housing cooperatives (reimbursed from municipal budget up to 70%.) Notable improvements in public institutions started after approval of a Municipal Energy Plan a few years ago. Thanks to the activities for energy efficiency and online monitoring program in public institutions, gas consumption has decreased by 58%, hot water – 33%, heat – 37% since 2013.

Contact
”Luchany” Condominium Association
Address: 22a, Vidrodzennya Street, Lutsk 43000 Ukraine
Telephone: +38 (0332) 28 66 72
Email: osbblucan@ukr.net

Lviv—Among Ukrainian cities, Lviv has been a pioneer in promoting energy efficiency. Since 2005, the city has implemented energy management in public institutions. Housing cooperatives are being actively created in the city. 357 were created in 2016 (37% of the total number of registered). The municipal program provides financial rebates for thermal modernization of condominiums. The City of Lviv implements a host of measures to improve public transport, walking and cycling. The city has an ambitious program to build a 268 kilometer cycling network by 2020. Ninety km of cycling paths were built by the end of 2016. For the first time in the last 10 years, a new tram line was built in Lviv. The new route connects the biggest residential area, Sykhiv, where almost 150 thousand residents live, with the city center.

Contact
Mayor – Andrii Sadovyy
Address: 1, Rynok Sq, Lviv 79008 Ukraine
Telephone: +38 (032) 297-59-00
Email: a.sadovyy@city-adm.lviv.ua

Ukraine Leaders and Opponents

Government Official
Ostap Semerak
Minister of Ecology of Ukraine

The Minister of Ecology, Ostap Semerak, attended the COP 22 meeting and plays a key role in setting Climate Change Policy in the Ukrainian government. According to Mr. Semerak, Ukraine’s new Energy strategy should be with low carbon content, and Ukraine has to move to 100% renewable energy.

Contact: gr_priem@menr.gov.ua

Climate Program Advocate
Iryna Stavchuk
Head of the Climate Change Department of the National Ecological Centre of Ukraine

Iryna Stavchuk is Head of the Climate Change Department of the National Ecological Centre of Ukraine. She also serves as a co-coordinator of the Climate Action Network node in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. She is the lead spokesperson on climate change issues in Ukraine. Her expertise on the subject and her skills in communicating help her to impact decisions by the Ukrainian government for implementation of climate protection programs.

Contact: irina.stavchuk@necu.org.ua

Climate Program Opponent
Rinat Akhmetov
DTEK

Rinat Akhmetov is the owner of the largest energy holding entity in Ukraine, DTEK, a conglomerate of various companies from coal mining to power generation. The influence of Rinat Akhmetov, the country’s wealthiest oligarch, has weakened after the Donbass crisis. But he still has political influence to lobby for his interests for expanding the coal sector.

Contact: info@dtek.com

Ukraine Leading Research Study

Research Study:  “Prediction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Ukraine for 2030 and Beyond—Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences” (2015)

Experts from the state organization, “Institute for Economics and Forecasting, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences,” conducted research to forecast greenhouse gases emissions in Ukraine for 2030. The Study’s projections are based on a business as usual (BAU) scenario and low-carbon scenario for the development of the energy industry in Ukraine. The current study also includes a detailed description of the conditions and risks of these scenarios implementation.

According to the BAU scenario, GHG emissions in 2030 will be within 348-434 mln t CO2-eq. (42,1-52,5% from 1990) while in 2012, they accounted for 353 mln t CO2 (42,7 from 1990).

According to the low-carbon scenario achieving indicative targets for energy efficiency and renewable energy GHG emissions in 2030 will be 300 mln t CO2-eq. (63,7% less than in 1990). This would contribute to building a low-carbon model for Ukraine’s development. Moreover, implementation of planned energy efficiency and renewable energy targets and setting middle or high carbon prices will allow additional reduction of GHG emissions.

Before the adoption of the Paris Agreement, Ukraine, like other countries, submitted its INDC, which stipulates the goal of not exceeding, 60% of country’s 1990 level of GHG emissions in 2030. According to the results of the study, such a goal is not ambitious enough, because Ukraine can reach it with a minimal effort and has potential for making even further emission reductions.

Learn More

Forecasting of the greenhouse gases emissions in Ukraine for 2030 and beyond (2015). US Agency for International Development (USAID), State Institution Institute of Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian]. http://www.menr.gov.ua/docs/klimatychna-polityka/USAID_MERP.docx

View of Climate Policy in the Countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia http://infoclimate.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Climate-CAN-EECCA-2015-EN.pdf

Ukraine Emissions Reduction Policy

Ukraine: The Green Tariff

One of the most effective national policies that is having the greatest impact on reducing Ukraine greenhouse gas emissions is the feed-in tariff also known as “The Green Tariff.”

“The Green Tariff” policy, a feed-in tariff (FIT) scheme for electricity generated from renewable energy sources, was introduced in Ukraine in 2009. The law guaranteed grid access for renewable energy producers (small hydro up to 10 MW, wind, biomass, photovoltaic and geothermal). The rate of the “green” tariff for each electricity-generating company depends on the kind of sources of energy it uses. This rate is higher than the rate applicable to energy producers based on traditional energy sources. The scheme will be open until 1st of January 2030.

In 2015, Power plants using renewable energy sources generated 1.75 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity, or 1% of total electricity production in the Ukraine. For comparison, in 2011 the amount was only 0.17%. Such positive statistics is a result of an effective Law.

A second amendment of the Green Tariff System was introduced on the 4th of June 2015. This amendment introduced the “green” tariff for purchase of electricity produced by solar and wind power plants with a capacity of up to 30 kW. The green tariff rate is fixed to the euro, which neutralizes the inflation risks. Today 430 private households have already installed solar panels with total installed capacity of 5.06 MW. For comparison, in 2015 there were 244 such homeowners and in 2014 only 21.

Learn More

Energy Efficiency: Implementation of EU Standards in Ukraine http://ukrainianlawfirms.com/practice/151http://ukrainianlawfirms.com/practice/151
YouTube link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TAWJ5XSd7Tw, RE:FORMA: HOW TO PROFIT OFF THE ”GREEN TARIFF”
Feed-in Tariff in Ukraine http://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/ukraine/name-38470-en.php

Ukraine Energy Production Trends

How The Energy System Is Structured

Ukraine is the fourth largest coal producer in Europe (after Russia, Germany, and Poland), contributing 4% of global output; until now, however, all the fuel consumed in the Ukrainian power industry has come from domestic production. As a result of the conflict in the Donbas, Ukraine will be forced to import large quantities of coal, especially the high-grade coal consumed in thermal power plants.
Due to the growing coal deficit, Ukraine has increased electricity production in its nuclear power plants to the maximum possible, significantly reduced energy exports, and significantly reduced supplies to Crimea. However, these measures cannot compensate for the declining energy production in heating plants. Therefore, as there is no chance that supplies from mines in the Donbas will be resumed in the following months, the deficit in the Ukrainian coal power plants will be a minimum of 4 million tons by the end of this year and about 2.8 million tons per month in 2015.

Ukraine is currently in a renewable energy crisis, with the country’s energy sector dominated by large, mostly state-owned, non-renewable power producing companies. Currently only 13 of the 51 generators of electricity produce solar, hydro, or any other type of “green” energy, forming about 9% of Ukraine’s total power production. Unfortunately, the political crisis of the past couple of years had lead to a decrease in clean energy investments.

Currently, the government is heavily investing in “green” energy in order to both decrease the amount of greenhouse gases in the environment and Ukraine’s need for Russian gas imports. In addition to feed-in- tariffs, the Ukrainian government also offers clean energy investors VAT exemptions and import duties that expire in 2019. All these measures are meant to increase the share of renewable energy to 11% of the total energy balance by 2020.

Unlike non-renewable power, the “green” energy market is largely dominated by local producers with separate rates for companies and households. The price also depends on the type of clean energy produced. For example, the rate for solar energy (the most popular renewable energy option in Ukraine) is 0.16€ KWh for business consumers.

The solar energy sector especially is struggling to recover its pre-2014 rates of energy production. The political crisis resulted in the feed-in-tariff being reduced by almost eight times and also lead to the abandonment of many of the country’s solar energy projects. One of the companies that went out of business was Active Solar — the biggest producer of solar energy in Ukraine, which filed for insolvency after Crimea, when several of its massive power plants were annexed by Russia in 2014. The government has implemented numerous measures such as feed-in premium rules for domestic producers and FIT compensation rules that are designed to fight this ongoing decrease in renewable power production rates, but none of the recent clean energy projects are comparable in scope to Active Solar’s over-100-MW-large solar farms.

The political crisis has also influenced the country’s coal production companies. Most of the Ukraine’s coal resources are located in the Donbass region, where all the energy production was halted due to the destruction of transport links during the conflict.

Political turmoil is definitely of the main reasons why non-renewable energy imports play a very important part in the Ukraine’s power sector. Ironically, most of the energy imports come from Russia. Natural gas imports from Russia contribute about 57.2% of all energy imports to Ukraine. Nuclear fuel is also mostly imported. About 92% of these imports also used to come from Russia, but since 2015, over 30% of nuclear energy is imported from Westinghouse.

In 2016, Ukraine decreased the amount of natural gas imports by 2.4 times to 2.892 billion cubic meters.   Nuclear power production, on the other hand, seems to be steadily rising. In 2015 alone, the share of thermal energy in Ukraine’s total power production fell from 41% to 35%, whereas nuclear energy share increased from 49% to 56%.

Profiles of Leading Energy Companies

Ukrenergo: Most of the domestic thermal energy is produced by the state-owned company Ukrenergo, which since May 1, 2016, offers the same rate for business and private consumers — UAH 6,879 ($272.7) per 1,000 cubic meters of natural gas.

Ukrenergo also has a number of environmental projects underway that are meant to reduce the amount of greenhouse emissions in the environment. Most of them are implemented in order to reduce Ukraine’s energy intensity. The project aims to increase the efficiency of energy production and thus decrease the amount of greenhouse gases produced by replacing high-voltage equipment, upgrading existing transmission lines (so that less energy would be lost during transport) and improving the infrastructure for implementing energy regulations across the country.

These measures seem to be successful, as thermal energy production fell by 20% this year. However, there is still much to be done in order to decrease Ukraine’s dependence on non-renewable energy sources.
Energoatom: All four nuclear power generators in Ukraine also belong to a state-owned company, Energoatom, which since March 2016 has had all its assets and bank accounts frozen by the Ukrainian courts over allegedly unpaid debts. The timing is very unfortunate as in 2011 the company began a project with a target completion date of 2017 that was supposed to bring Ukrainian nuclear power production into line with international standards.

Submitted by Climate Scorecard Country Manager Diana Sentjurova

Ukraine Emission Reduction Challenges

Leading Emission Reduction Challenges: (a) Political and economic crisis; (b) Problems implementing existing climate change policy and legislation

 

Current Greenhouse Gas Emission Levels

Ukraine committed to a target of 40 percent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to 1990 levels, and so far seems to be successful in the fulfillment of its Paris Agreement Pledge. The current level of GHG emissions is 385.93 MtCO2e which is about 55% less than the respective number for the year 1990. However, there are some issues that might intervene with Ukraine’s success in this area and most of them have to do with either financial problems or the countries excessive bureaucracy system.

 

Emission Reduction Challenges

Ukraine currently is in a state of a deep political and economic crisis, which makes it hard to attract international investors willing to invest in environmentally important projects. The war has led to the shutdown of many of the country’s environmental programs especially the ones that have to do with hydraulic power development, many of which were based in the Crimea. In addition to this, the high cost of green technologies currently makes environmental modernization impossible for a significant number of companies. One of the possible solutions to this issue suggested by the Ukraine’s Center for CSR Development, is to introduce financial and tax benefits for companies who are actively implementing the main elements of environmental modernization.

Another problem that stands in the way of Ukraine’s GHG emission reduction efforts is the country’s extremely rigid regulatory framework and the complexity of administrative procedures that have to do with ecological matters. At present, obtaining environmental licenses and permits entails numerous bureaucratic obstacles and often unnecessarily excessive paperwork. In order to combat this problem, some experts suggest creating a new national institution governed by The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine. This new Ministsry would be responsible for coordinating the work of various government structures that are involved in issuing green licenses and insuring that there are no inconsistencies in governmental policies and practices regarding greenhouse gas emissions. Many environment experts agree that the public license issuance system needs to become more accessible, which can only be made possible through a closer dialogue between the government and the companies who employ green practices and technologies.

–Submitted by Climate Scorecard Country Manager Diana Sentjurova

 

Useful Resources

http://ua-energy.org/post/60301

http://bellona.org/news/ukraine/2016-06-zhyttya-pislya-paryzha-chas-diyaty

http://csr-ukraine.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Analysis-Questionnaire-CSR.pdf

http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/legislation/countries/ukraine/

http://smarteco.biz.ua/oleksandr-dyachuk-pro-zaluchennya-investytsij-v-zeleni-tehnologiyi/

Ukraine Ratification Status

Possibility of Ratification by 2018: Treaty has been Ratified

The Paris Agreement has been ratified by the Ukrainian parliament (Verkhovna Rada) on the 14th of July. The relevant bill №0105, sponsored by President Petro Poroshenko, was supported by 279 out of 335 MPs registered in the session hall on the day of the vote. The reason why Ukraine became one of the first counties to ratify the Paris Agreement might have a lot to do with the widespread belief that this treaty will have a positive influence on both the country’s environment and economy.

April 26th marked 30 years since the nuclear disaster in the Ukrainian city of Chernobyl, so there is a general awareness of the importance of green technologies, however, many still feel that reducing greenhouse emissions should not be a priority for a country at war. Regardless of this fact, the vast majority of politicians and parliamentarians support the Paris Agreement precisely because it would allow the country to finally cut its dependence on natural gas imports from Russia by switching to renewable energy resources. This treaty would also benefit the Ukrainian economy by attracting foreign investors willing to finance large-scale environmental projects in various sectors such as energy, infrastructure and transportation as well as create new “green economy” jobs. Thus, it is no big surprise that the political leadership of Ukraine strongly supports the Paris Agreement, as it will allow the country to increase the life quality and expectancy of its citizens by reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the environment.

Submitted by Climate Scorecard Country Manager Diana Sentjurova

Learn more:

http://espreso.tv/news/2016/07/14/ukrayina_ratyfikuvala_paryzku_ugodu

http://ba.org.ua/oleksij-ryabchin-parizka-klimatichna-ugoda-matime-pozitivnij-vpliv-na-rozvitok-ukra%D1%97ni/

http://smarteco.biz.ua/oleksandr-dyachuk-pro-zaluchennya-investytsij-v-zeleni-tehnologiyi/

http://climategroup.org.ua/?p=3914#more-3914

http://www.unian.info/society/1417965-rada-ratifies-paris-climate-agreement.html