Germany Subsidies

Germany—Between 2014 and 2016, Germany provided fiscal support valued at €33.3 billion and public finance of €2.4 billion per year

Germany is one of the countries in the EU region that reports its subsidies on fossil fuels on a biannual basis in a transparent manner (Gençsü and Zerzawy, 2017). Fossil fuel subsidies are financial support incentives in the production and consumption of carbon-intensive fuels such as coal, oil and gas (Bast and Doukas, 2016). Such financial investment discourages the production and consumption of renewable energies e.g. wind, solar and geothermal energy (Bast and Doukas, 2016). Germany provides subsidies to fossil fuels i.e. coal mining, oil, gas and electricity. Between 2014 and 2016, Germany provided fiscal support valued at €33.3 billion and public finance of €2.4 billion per year (Gençsü and Zerzawy, 2017). Outside the European region, Germany provided about €2.3 billion in the period between 2014 and 2016 per year to support oil, gas and fossil fuel-powered electricity projects. To demonstrate, the production and consumption fossil fuel subsidies for the period between 2014 and 2016 per year are as shown in table 1 on the following page:

On the production side, coal receives the highest subsidies. This is because Germany is the largest producer of coal in the EU region and the largest lignite/brown coal producer in the world. Thus, to phase-out coal subsidies the amended Hard Coal Funding, Act, 2011 has been put in place. This Act regulates coal subsidies e.g. the Federal Government and the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) coal subsidies for the period between 2014 and 2019 are as shown in table 2 below.

As such, the coal mining support for the period between 2014 and 2016 was about €2.7 billion per year and about 76% of this amount was used to support energy transition from coal to ease the phase-out process. The process of phasing out coal subsidies require financial support. For instance, in 2007, a 10 year-hard coal phase-out package was introduced in the North Rhine-Westphalia state (Gençsü and Zerzawy, 2017).

Figures in table 2 above show that by 2019 Germany will still be providing coal subsidies. It intends to phase-out its fossil fuel subsidies by 2025 as per its commitment to the Paris Agreement and to the EU. As a result, it may be difficult to meet the subsidies phase-out deadline unless drastic measures are undertaken. For instance, increase renewable energy subsidies and investments to reach the 80 % renewable energy targets by 2050. Germany should also set a clear date on when to exit from coal mining as intended in its Climate Action Plan, 2050.

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Germany Survey

Respondents were asked whether they would support the introduction of hefty penalties to countries that were unwilling to be part of the Paris agreement and 59% agreed.

Traditionally, German citizens have a high environmental awareness. As such, climate change is a top issue of discussion in German media mainly in magazines and newspapers e.g. the mirror (Der Spiegel). A weekly face-to-face survey involving 1,001 German citizens was carried out between 6-12th June, 2016 by Joint Programme Initiative-Climate Change, in collaboration with the University of Stuttgart, Germany. It was aimed at creating baseline data that would help policy makers and researchers comprehend the attitudes of German citizens towards climate change. The understanding of attitudes would help promote communication on climate change issues among stakeholders. Thus, the survey targeted German citizens aged 15 years and above. It covered attitudes towards climate change and energy preferences among others.

The survey started with a general question on what respondents thought would be the most important issue in Germany in the next 20 years. Respondents ranked climate change in position 10 (3%), after refugee crisis (14%), immigration (13%) and poverty/inequality (9%) among others. As to what terms came in mind on the mention of the words ‘climate change’, respondents gave responses such as “global warming (16%), unpredictable weather (15%), storms/flooding (13%), heatwave/droughts (13%), ice caps melting/rising sea levels (12%), pollution (11%), natural disasters (6%) and carbon emissions (4%) among others”. This indicated that they could associate climate change with real life shocks/events and or disasters.

Further, respondents were asked if they were worried about climate change and approximately, 30% said they were extremely worried. Also, about 83% of respondents believed that the global climate was changing while 16% did not. On the other hand, on the cause of climate change, approximately 16% of the respondents were doubtful that human activities were responsible. About 15% believed that climate change was completely caused by human activity while about 34% believed that both natural and human activities were responsible. To further understand the emotions of respondents towards climate change; 19% were hopeful, 25% were afraid, 30% had outrage and 14% felt guilty. These emotions indicate a higher percentage of people having negative feelings towards climate change meaning its impacts cause distress. This is true given that about 31% of the respondents believed that weather would be more wet with more storms/floods/rain. About 29% believed that the weather would be unpredictable while about 24% believed that the weather would be hotter/warm/dry/heat wave.

Respondents were asked whether they would support the introduction of hefty penalties to countries that were unwilling to be part of the Paris agreement and 59% agreed. When respondents were asked which renewable energy sources they would like their government to support, they responded: Biomass (58%), Hydroelectric power (85%), Solar power (87%), Onshore wind power (74%) and Offshore wind power (80%). This shows high support among respondents for renewable energy transition in Germany. This came out much more clearly because about half of the respondents, approximately, 53% were willing to support policies to reduce energy consumption to help tackle climate change. Additionally, 69% were in support of subsidies on wind and solar power and 60% were in support of subsidies for the insulation of homes. Also, 62% of respondents were willing to support a law that would ban the sale of energy inefficient household appliances. 71% were also willing to support spending of public money to counter the impacts of climate change. Finally, 51% of respondents were willing to support policies that would give money to developing countries to help them deal with extreme weather shocks such as flooding and drought.

Overall, inferences from the survey shows that German citizens understand climate change, can emotionally connect with it and are willing to support policies geared towards reducing its impacts. By extension, these findings indicate a high support for the Paris agreement.

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Germany Strategies

Germany: (1) Strengthen the EU Paris Agreement pledge, as well as Germany’s own targets; need short term targets that can be met by 2020, (2) Remove environmentally harmful fossil fuel subsidies

The EU climate targets should be reviewed in order to achieve concrete long-term goals as pledged in the Paris agreement. For instance, the EU 2030 targets should be referred to as minimum targets and a scientific research should be carried out to recommend a higher short-term target by 2020 (WWF assessment report, 2017). In accordance with WWF assessment report, (2017) the minimum EU reduction target should be set at 55% by 2030.

In Germany, the renewable energy and energy efficiency targets should be increased to 45% and 40% respectively (WWF assessment report, 2017). Further, the climate change targets set in the Climate Action Plan, 2050 are not yet legally binding and the sectoral targets have not been sufficiently incorporated into climate protection law In particular, the Climate Action Plan 2050 is not supported by a Climate Change Act and this casts a suspicion on the commitment of the German government to meet the targets set in the Climate Action Plan by 2050. In addition, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% from the energy sector by 2030, the coal-fired power plants need to be shut down by 2035. But, the Climate Action Plan 2050 does not give a clear picture on the impact of shutting down coal plants on renewable energy and electricity prices. Also, the industry sector is allowed to operate under CO2 intensive processes until 2030 and this, in my opinion, undermines the achievement of the targets set to be achieved by 2030. The roles of civil society and financial institutions such as banks, insurance and pension scheme companies, though important, are not clear in the Climate Action Plan 2050. In my own opinion, the gaps in the Climate Action Plan, 2050 negatively affect Germany’s commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

However, there are several ways of strengthening the implementation of their Climate Action Plan 2050. For example, to achieve a greenhouse gas neutral economy, there is need to disentangle economic growth and consumption patterns, and improve the fiscal and financial system. Improving the fiscal and financial system requires the removal of environmentally harmful subsidies which increase the costs of health care and environmental protection.

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Germany Renewable Energy

Germany—No 100% 2050 commitment
Benchmark: 80 % renewable energy by 2050

Germany has short-term and long-term goals for ensuring that energy efficiency is achieved. It intends to reduce 50% of primary energy use by 2050 (compared to 2008 levels) and 80% of greenhouse gas emissions by the same year (compared to 1990 levels) (Rafindadi and Ozturk, 2017). In particular, it aims to innovate the electricity sector that accounts for about 40% of CO2 emissions (Rafindadi and Ozturk, 2017). As a result, Germany has made a commitment to increase the generation of renewable energy by 50%, 65 % and 80 % by 2030, 2040 and 2050 respectively (Rafindadi and Ozturk, 2017). To achieve these targets, Germany has invested and will continue to invest in renewable energy technologies by 2050 to generate electricity that can meet the energy needs of the country. As such, a number of scenarios created by studies undertaken by the German Advisory Council on the Environment (SRU), the German Enquête-Commission on sustainable energy supply, or Greenpeace, are available. For example, a study carried out by Klaus et al. (2010) provides a baseline upon which achieving a 100% renewable energy electricity supply by 2050 may be assumed. First, it is important to identify the renewable energy potential in wind, solar, hydropower, biomass and geothermal power in the country.

For instance, if Photovoltaic modules are installed over a total of 1,620 Km2, then 275 gigawatts (GW) of solar power can be harnessed (Klaus et al., 2010). Also, onshore wind power equivalent to about 60 GW can be generated if 134 wind power installations are done on land and about 45GW can be obtained from offshore wind. There is also potential of increased hydropower generation by 5.2 GW if existing power plants are expanded and new ones are constructed. The geothermal power has also a potential of generating 6.4 GW of power (Klaus et al., 2010). However, by 2050 these renewable energy potentials are expected to be exploited such that 120 GW are obtained from Photovoltaic modules, 60 GW from onshore wind, 45 GW from offshore wind, 5.2 GW from hydropower and 23.3 GW from biogas. Nevertheless, Germany has had some successes in generating renewable energy that has been used in heating and in the transport sector among others.

For example, the total share of wind and solar energy in the last 5 years was about 23.5%, 25.1%, 27.3%, 31.5% and 31.7 % in 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively (umweltbundesamt, 2017). Further, there are two states in Germany who have already achieved 100 % renewable electricity in 2016 namely; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein (Marks, n.d). Mecklenburg-Vorpommern generated 2.6 terawatt hours (TWh), 2.3 gigawatt hours (GWh) and 4.9 TWh from onshore wind, biomass and offshore wind respectively (Marks, n.d). Schleswig-Holstein generated about 46% of its renewable energy from biomass and 44% from wind energy and about 10% from renewable sources (Marks, n.d).

In 2016, wind was the leading source of renewable energy at 12.3% followed by biomass (7.9%) and solar PV at 5.9% (Stromvergleich, 2017). According to the Renewable Energy Agency, about 16-28% of private households have invested in renewable energy (Stromvergleich, 2017). On average, 22 % of private households have invested in renewable energy in Germany. In terms of states, about 28%, 28% and 27% of households in Berlin, Saarland and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern respectively are leading in purchase of renewable energy (Stromvergleich, 2017). However, Thuringia and Saxony have the least households at 16% purchasing green energy (Stromvergleich, 2017).

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Klaus, T., Vollmer, C., Werner, K., Lehmann, H., Müschen, K., (2010): Energieziel 2050: 100% Strom aus erneuerbaren Quellen. Dessau-Roßlau: Umweltbundesamt.
Rafindadi, A.A and Ozturk, I., 2017. Impacts of renewable energy consumption on the German economic growth: Evidence from combined cointegration test. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.75 (2017), pp. 1130-1141.

Germany Success Project

Germany—The German Climate Action Plan 2050

In its INDC pledge to the Paris agreement, Germany proposed reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 40% by 2020 and up to about 95% in 2050, as compared to 1990 levels. To achieve this aim, Germany drafted a policy known as the Climate Action Plan 2050, which provides the exact target measures of greenhouse gas emission reductions in individual sectors including energy, industry, buildings, agriculture and transport among others. Action Plan 2050 is a product of a coalition agreement reached in 2013 by the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU) and Social Democratic Party (SPD) to define the emission reduction targets with a final target of 80 to 95 % in comparison to 1990 by 2050. The policy entered into force on 4th November, 2016.

Germany is the strongest economy in the EU and its individual emissions are higher than the EU average. It is also worth noting that Germany also meets its emission reduction goals under the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and the EU Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) mechanism used to chart EU compliance with the Paris agreement. A sector breakdown of emission reduction targets in the German Climate Action Plan 2050 is provided below.

Climate Action Plan 2050 has contributed to success stories with regards to emission reductions in different sectors in Germany. For instance, in the transport sector, the Climate Action Plan 2050 has limited emissions to 65-68 g CO2/km by 2025 and up to maximum of 50 g CO2/km for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles in 2030. By 2020, it intends to produce 1 million e-cars that are expected to help reduce targeted emissions from the transport sector.

Also, in the agriculture sector, Germany intends to reduce the utilization of nitrogenous fertilizers by moving from the conventional crop production to organic agriculture and limiting fertilizer utilization by 70 kg N/ha by 2032. In addition, the Climate Action Plan 2050 reinforces existing policies to ensure buildings attain a climate-neutral stock state by 2050.

However, to achieve major success stories on emission reduction in Germany from the perspective of the Climate Action Plan 2050, a number of gaps need to be addressed more precisely. For example, Action Plan 2050 proposes the reduction of meat consumption which accounts for the largest greenhouse gas emissions footprint per kilogram, but it does not give precise ways for doing this; nor to cut the 40% emissions; nor does it describe how and when coal-fired power plants should stop generating electricity.

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Germany Checkup

Germany—Moving Forward

Germany’s Efforts to Reduce CO2 Emission and Comply with the Paris Agreement
The EU made commitments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions under the Paris Agreement on climate change through an Effort Sharing Decision (ESD). The ESD requires member countries to submit biannual reports on their progress in meeting set emission targets in all sectors of the economy except in land use. So far, the EU has a strong monitoring and compliance system to account for the actions of member states. For instance, Germany intends to reduce GHGs emissions by 40% by 2020. To comply with the expected ESD share in EU, Germany has set yearly targets from 2013 to 2020 versus actual ESD reductions met. The percentage difference between the actual and target ESD is referred as the relative ESD gap to target. Using 2005 emissions reductions as the base year, and data analyzed from Climate Action report (2016), this scenario can be depicted as in Figure 1 below.

Figure 1: % ESD emission, ESD targets and relative gap to target

Figure 2: Actual emissions, targets and absolute gap to target in Mt CO2 equivalent

In Figure 1, the actual percentage ESD emission reduction fall below the yearly percentage targets set through 2020. However, the percentage relative ESD gap to the target ESD emission reductions approaches zero (0) by 2020. This can be confirmed because in reality, the actual emission and target emission reductions in Metric tonnes of CO2 equivalent can also be compared as in Figure 2, with 2005 as the base year.

Thus, the actual annual emission reductions fall below the target emissions but the two tend to converge by 2020.
Germany intends to meet these emission reduction goals by increasing the percentage share of renewable energy consumed to 60% by 2050.

In addition, emission reductions are also targeted in buildings, transport, industry, and the agricultural sector among others. Thus, the above analysis shows that emissions remain stable versus the targets set as from 2015 to 2020 and as such, Germany can be said to be gradually moving in the right direction in honoring the Paris agreement but may slightly miss the emission targets it has set by 2020. The energy transition monitoring report, (2015) also confirms that Germany will probably miss its 2020 emission targets.

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Germany Emission Reduction Policy

Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), 2017 and Renewable Energies Heat Act

Climate change has been highly associated with greenhouse gas emissions that result from the ongoing burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas. As a result, increased investment in renewable energy is a central approach in decarbonizing the energy sector and meeting the energy demands of Germany. The energy law in Germany focuses on two main acts – Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), 2017 and Renewable Energies Heat Act. Both of these acts play key roles in the conversion of renewable energy sources such solar and wind power into electricity and its respective use. The Renewable Energy Sources Act ensures renewable energy supply, while the Renewable Energies Heat Act reinforces renewable energy use for heating purposes. It ensures that heating and power insulators that rely on renewable energy supplies are installed in new buildings in order to meet a proportion of the heating needs through renewable energy sources.

So far a number of renewable energy goals have been met. For instance, in 2015, about 168 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions, out of which 103 million tons was from the energy sector, were offset, in particular from the use of renewable energy sources as reported in the energy transition handbook by Morris and Pehnt, (2016). Further, the government and the public in general have reached a consensus that renewable energy is not only important for climate protection but also for the growth of the economy especially in job creation, technological innovations and energy security among other benefits. Therefore, the successful implementation of the EEG 2017 and the Renewable Energies Heat Act stand out in ensuring carbon emission reduction goals are met in line with the Paris agreement.

According to the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, the implementation of EEG 2017 will be funded through a market based auction scheme rather than by the government. Also, an incentive based market program has been established to ensure that a percentage of heating in new buildings is done using renewable energy power supplies as per the Renewable Energies Heat Act. If the EEG, 2017 is fully implemented, it will serve as an effective tool in ensuring that the share of renewable energy increases from the current levels of 33 % up to 40-45% in 2025, 55-60% in 2035, and up to a minimum of 80% by 2050. Part of the EEG 2017 provides for market auctions for offshore wind power installations through the Offshore Wind Act. The Offshore Wind Act is expected to increase wind power production capacity up to 15 gigawatts between 2021 to 2030. Thus, if EEG 2017 and the Renewable Energies Heat Act are successfully implemented with a reduction of carbon emission of 85-90% by 2030, the following outcomes are likely to be achieved: creation of job opportunities of about 100,000 by 2030 and 230,000 by 2050; increased export of PV technology of about 80% by 2020; and reduced risks and costs associated with problems dealing with accumulated nuclear power waste.

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Germany Extreme Weather Event

Severe Storm Egon

The storm named Egon in 2017 was one of the strongest storms to hit Germany in recent memory. Storm Egon built up over the Atlantic Ocean on the 10th and 11th of January 2017 due to large horizontal differences in air pressure of 850hPa. As a result, the storm was characterized by strong violent winds that travelled at a speed of 315 km/h from Greenland to Scotland to Germany. The storm reached its peak on January 13th, 2017 over west and north Germany. That day, Fichtelberg in the Erzgebirge recorded the strongest wind gust at a speed of 150 km/h. The wind blew across Luxembourg, Saarland, southern Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse, north of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria, and southern parts of Thuringia and Saxony.

The storm left behind considerable damage that was way beyond damages caused by other oceanic storms in the past. The strong winds uprooted over 80 trees in Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Hesse, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Thuringia and Bavaria causing train accidents, road traffic and injury of people. In the middle and lower regions of Saarland, buildings and cars were damaged and power lines fell causing power outages to thousands of households. In Hessen, Thuringia, Lower Saxony and Bavaria, road closures and heavy traffic caused by snowdrifts obstructed more than 30 roads. In Bavaria and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, some of the villages became inaccessible and were temporarily cut-off from the rest of the surrounding areas. Schools in some of the states were closed and passengers at the airport in Hesse (Hahn and Frankfurt) and Saxony (Dresden, Leipzig) were delayed. About 125 flight departures and landings were cancelled. The storm adversely affected the transport sector and many train tracks were temporarily obstructed. In total, about 13 traffic accidents occurred and the conditions in the Westerwaldkreis and Rhineland-Palatinate were in particular chaotic with a lot of trucks stuck in snowdrifts.

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Germany Media Organizations

Broadcast Media

Tagesschau ( is a German media outfit that broadcasts national and international news. Tagesschau is made up of:
• a TV station known as Das Erste (
• a radio station – radio ARD  (, and
• ARD Mediathek ( which is produced as a redaction of ARD-aktuell on behalf of the German public-service television network, ARD.

ARD-aktuell is responsible for the content of “Tagesschau”, “Tagesthemen” and “Nachtmagazin”.
Of interest to those concerned with climate, is the ARD Mediathek, an ARD media library of audio and video documentaries on different aspects of this issue. In regard to climate change, we see for instance, an interview accompanied by short film breaks, by Birgit Klaus and Dennis Wilms with Carl.A. Fechner on “the ecological price of energy.” Fechner is a film and documentary producer of the Energiewende and sustainable energy in Germany and in the interview he tries to answer the question, “What ecological price do we have to pay for our energy supply, and which problems could be avoided?”

Further, a documentary that can be translated into English as, “We make climate ourselves,” is also available. It starts with analyzing the effects of Super Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines that was one of the most destructive tropical cyclones on record having killed 6,300 people in the Philippines alone. Also, it shows the Philippines chief climate negotiator, Yeb Sano, reading his speech amidst tears at COP19 in Warsaw, Poland where he calls for speedy action to curb the impacts of climate change. Later in the video we see Sano’s journey to making a difference that starts after the producer asks the question, “What have we changed since COP19?,” and he answers, “NOTHING”.  The film goes further to cover Sano’s attempts to make the world hear the voice of the Philippines. Sano says he feels sorry for those who do not still believe that the climate has changed. The film also shows the impact of global warming in Germany on the fruit growing sector, especially the effect of strong heat on apples that has reduced their production. The documentary also highlights the impact of climate change on Yam production in Ghana. This documentary tells us that no matter what goals the politicians have achieved at the World Climate Conference in Paris, man has long changed the climate and the first signs of climate change are facing people all over the world, thus it’s time to act.

Content Samples:
Watch more: selbst/ONE/Video?bcastId=13980890&documentId=40404800

Contact:, E-Mail:,
Chief Editor: Christiane Krogmann, Norddeutscher Rundfunk, Anstalt des öffentlichen Rechts, Hugh-Greene-Weg 1, 22529 Hamburg, Ust-Ident-Nummer: DE 1185 09 776; Tel: 040 / 4156-0

Print Media

Die Welt is a leading newspaper company in Germany that reports on latest news ranging from politics, economics, finance, sports, culture, science, literature, travel, style and provides an online archive that is freely searchable. On science, there are different national and international articles on climate change from scientific and political perspectives. They particularly address implementation of the Paris agreement. For example, die Welt newspaper provides an article on one of the expected achievements of the Energiewende project where renewable energy from wind and solar power are expected to meet the electricity needs of Germany for many hours at a time.

Content Samples:

Contact: Editor, Tel:  +49 (0) 30 2591 – 0
Die Welt CEO:  Dr. Stephanie Caspar und Dr. Torsten Rossmann Axel-Springer-Straße 65 , D – 10969 Berlin.  Die WeltN24 GmbH is a company of Axel Springer SE.

Online Media

The Clean Energy Wire (CLEW) is an independent, non-profit, non-partisan service for journalists and the interested public that is committed to provide and support quality journalism about energy transition in Germany. The Clean Wire URL provides news, dossiers, workshops, events, and resources such as experts, factsheets and libraries about the energy sector in Germany. Of particular interest is the article titled, “How can Germany keep the lights on in a renewable energy future?” In it, the Energiewende opponents argue that Germany will face unavoidable power shortages while proponents point out a number of alternative options to avoid such failure. Currently, a third of Germany’s electricity demand is met by renewable energy.

Also in the news digest is an article titled: “Germany must cut coal capacity in half by 2030 – gvt official.” This piece is about the talk that Rainer Baake, the state secretary in the economy and energy ministry, gave to a business conference in the run-up to Germany’s largest energy trade-fair, E-world in Essen. In his talk, Baake describes one goal of Germany’s climate action plan which is to cut their use of coal in half by 2030.

Content Samples:

Contact: Clean Energy Wire CLEW, Anna-Louisa-Karsch-Str. 2, 10178 Berlin, Germany; Email: , Tel: +49 30 700 1435 212

Germany Subnational Best Practices


Thüringen—Thüringen is a state of some 2.2 million people located in central-east Germany. In 2012, the state produced 30% of its energy using renewable sources, and is aiming to increase this figure up to 5% by 2020. To do so it has largely scaled up its use of wind energy, with 25,000 operating wind energy installations in 2014. Consequently, in 2013, Thüringen had the lowest state GHG emissions per capita in Germany, representing 4.8 Mt CO2 per inhabitant. This is especially low when compared to Brandenburg, whose state emissions per capita–23.4 Mt CO2–were the highest in Germany.

State Representative Günter Kolodziej
Tel: +49 (361) 3792-400
Mobile: +49 (152) 23097247

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Freiburg—Freiburg is a city in the South-west of Baden-Württemberg with some 220,000 inhabitants. Following the events of the Chernobyl disaster, Freiburg citizens were among the first to protest the production and use of nuclear power in Germany, ultimately leading to the nation-wide nuclear phase-out. Notable initiatives include revisited infrastructure design which has driven down domestic energy consumption, as well as integrated waste management systems that encourage waste reductions and organic compost efforts. Most ambitious of all is the city’s goal to reduce CO2 levels by 29% from 1992 to 2020, and 40% by 2030.

Manuela Schillinger, Head of Environmental Protection Bureau
Telephone:  +49 0761 201-6110
Melanie Sester
Telephone: +49 0761 201-6115

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Wildpolsried—Wildpolsried is a municipality of some 2,500 inhabitants in south-western Bavaria. It was highlighted in Al Gore’s recent climate change awareness project, 24 Hours of Reality, for having developed a sustainability action plan for 2020 as early as 1999. At the forefront of this plan was the community desire to become energy self-sufficient, using a primary mix of wind and solar, but also biomass and hydro sources. Today, Wildpolsried produces more energy from renewable sources than it consumes, exporting electricity to the German power-grid and reducing their carbon footprint to zero.

Susi Vogl, Chief Coordinator for Energy and Environmental Protection
Mail: Kemptener Str. 2, 87499, Wildpoldsried
Telephone: +49 08304 9205-0

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