Yamalo-Nenetskyi Autonomous Okrug Region (YaNAO)—YaNAO is a region well known for its active and regular work for reduction of GHG emissions since 2008. The YaNAO Government developed and is implementing the Action Plan for GHG emission reduction by 2020, which is aimed as well at creation of effective tools for air pollution reduction and decrease of energy intensity of the regional economy. The GHG management system was developed at the regional level, including the monitoring and control of GHG sources and emissions. As a result, GHG emissions have gradually decreased since 2008. The recent achievement is the decrease of GHG emissions from 30.5 mln.t of CO2 in 2012 to 25.2 mln.t of C02 in 2014. There are many climate change initiatives that are being implemented in YaNAO such as:
• Forecast and assessment of global climate changes in the Arctic zone;
• Development of climate models and provision of monitoring programs;
• Promotion of a gas-fuel transport;
• Construction of gas-fired power plants with waste heat recovery;
• Development of wind farms:
• Promotion of rational use of associated gas (in 2014 9.2 bln.m3 of associated gas were produced and 92% of this amount was used effectively);
• Support of the industrial pilot projects aimed at GHG emissions.
Moscow—Moscow’s GHG emissions are controlled in the framework of a Carbon Disclosure Project, and they are increasingly reduced year by year. The priorities are given to the transportation streams and parking management, modernization of infrastructure, development of environmental standards for trucks and vehicles and awareness raising.
The first association of regions was created for fighting climate change in the Baltic Sea area, consisting of Murmanskaya Oblast, Arkhangelskaya Oblast, Republics of Komi, Kareliya and Nenetskyi Autonomous Okrug. The have joint action plans for collaboration and development of climatic strategies in the region of the Barentsevo sea.
At the moment there is no information on another associations of cities, states or regions in respect to the climate change in Russia. It seems to be the next step which the most active cities or regions will have to undertake in order to improve their efficiency further.