Jakarta—Jakarta has committed to reduce its emissions by 30% in the community and by 30% in the government based on 2005 levels, and to shift its energy use to 30% renewables by 2030. Jakarta has already taken several mitigation and adaptation actions. The city has installed a solar power plant in Kepulauan Seribu with a capacity up to 50 KwP. Bantar Gebang Landfill’s composting center contributes up to 3.867 tons of CO2eq emissions reductions and is capable of processing 60 tons of organic waste daily. Bantar Genbang Landfill is well known as a massive and overwhelmed dump. These initiatives are promising and necessary. Jakarta’s streetlights are powered through solar energy. The production capacity from this project, 36.4 kwp, reduces emissions by 6.8 tons of CO2eq. Jakarta has also finished its master plan for wastewater management to create sustainable water cycling. Its current projects include expanding urban forests, installing flood control measures, and developing solar energy installations to power all of Jakarta’s schools and government buildings. Jakarta is also expanding another recycling and composting center (Cakung) to take the burden off of Bantar Gebang. In addition, between 2012 and 2023, Jakarta plans to develop three waste-to-energy plants. The proposed plants will have the capacity to process 5,000 tons of waste per day. Jakarta is also developing a Green Building Implementation policy to ensure that new construction reduces the use of natural resources, sources local building materials, and reduces its carbon footprint. Jakarta is part of the Compact of Mayors, the Municipal Solid Waste Initiative, and the C40 Cities Clean Bus Initiative.
BPLHD Jakarta (Environmental Management Agency – Jakarta)
Address: Jl. Casablanca Kav. 1 Kuningan Jakarta Selatan
Telephone: 62-21-5209651, 62-21-5209653, 62-21-5209645
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
Website: http://bplhd.jakarta.go.id/ and http://sigd.jakarta.go.id/
On Jakarta’s actions to reduce its emissions: http://carbonn.org/data/report/commitments/?tx_datareport_pi1[uid]=743 and http://climateaction.unfccc.int/city/jakarta/indonesia
On problems associated with the Bantar Gebang Landfill: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/11/07/jakarta-keep-using-bantar-gebang-landfill-despite-conflict.html
On the three new waste-to-energy plants: http://thejakartapost.com/news/2016/05/20/jakarta-set-to-develop-waste-to-energy-plants.html
Bandung—Bandung seeks to reduce emissions by 30% by 2030 compared to a 2013 business-as-usual scenario. It is currently performing an energy audit to determine energy use between residential, commercial, and industrial facilities. Bandung facilities make up 37% of government emissions. They are working on an Eco Office project to reduce emissions from buildings that make up 63% of emissions. They are installing 2,000 biodigester facilities by 2018 that can each process two tons of trash per day. Bandung is currently implementing a tax incentive for those who allocate land for water reservoirs. The city has developed and implemented many emissions reductions initiatives and plans. These include: Bandung Low Carbon Society, Bandung City’s Climate Change Action Plan, Environmental Management and Protection Plan, Bandung City Transport Master Plan and Bandung Urban Mobility Project to develop the transportation system, and others.
Chandra Budi Hertyasning, Green Building Council Indonesia – Bandung
Address: Setrasari Plaza Blok C-1 No 45, Jl Ters. Jl Ter. Dr. Sutami-Bandung, Jawa Barat
On Bandung’s actions to reduce its emissions: http://carbonn.org/data/report/commitments/?tx_datareport_pi1%5Buid%5D=738
On Bandung’s different plans and strategies: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/urban-rural-and-regional-development/green-growth-in-bandung-indonesia_9789264264113-en
Bogor—Bogor plans to reduce CO2e emissions from government operations by 33% by 2020 compared to 2010 business-as-usual levels. It has adopted a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) for its transportation system, which includes a bus fleet, increased public transportation corridors, and pedestrian infrastructure. This initiative is seeking funding. They are currently working on Trans Pakuan; a rapid bus transportation system. Bogor has completed a project to make commuting 20% by pedestrians and cyclists. Further, Bogor is targeting 22 kilometers of pedestrian paths which will be built through 19-stages from 2012 – 2020. Bogor is in the process of developing a smart street lighting system, replacing all lighting with LEDs by 2019. It is developing a system of integrated community sanitation facilities that recovers methane for biodigesting and energy production. 43 of these facilities have been built so far. Many new construction projects after 2015 in Bogor must meet their Green Building Concept. Bogor has integrated its Low Emission Development Strategy deeply into its 5-year Mid-Term Development Plan (also known as RPJMD).
On Bogor’s actions to reduce its emissions: http://carbonn.org/data/report/commitments/?tx_datareport_pi1[uid]=582
On Bogor’s Low Emission Development strategy in its RPJMD: http://urbanleds.iclei.org/index.php?id=188
The Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) is a network of ten cities in India, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam. They are developing “a range of activities that improve the ability of the cities to withstand, to prepare for, and to recover from the projected impacts of climate change.” The needs and priorities of each city determine the approaches. The 10 core cities have been expanded to 50 across the network with their own resilience strategies. Two of the core cities—Bandar Lampung and Semarang—are located in Indonesia. Other cities in Indonesia that have been involved with the network include: Blitar, Cirebon, Palembang, Pekalongan, Probolinggo and Tarakan.
Compact of Mayors—There are eighteen cities in Indonesia that have signed the Compact of Mayors: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Bandung, Banjarmasin, Bogor, Bontang, Jakarta, Jambi, Kendari, Kupang, Malang, Mataram, Padang, Probolinngo, Sukabumi, Surabaya, Tanjungpinang, and Tarakan City.
Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (CGF)—There are seven provinces (Aceh, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, Papua, West Kalimantan, and West Papua) in Indonesia that are part of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) which is a collaboration between multiple countries to reduce emissions from rural development, promote low emission rural development, and reduce emissions from deforestation and land-use (REDD+). This network encompasses 25% of the world forests. This 25% includes half of Indonesia’s forests. Papua alone has 1.2% of the world forest area.
http://www.gcftaskforce.org/about/ and to see Papua’s REDD+ implementation: http://www.gcftaskforce-database.org/ReddImplementation/Papua
Every province in Indonesia has adopted a RAD-GRK. They can be compared and assessed here: http://cait.wri.org/indonesia/compare?selected=Aceh
Submitted by Indonesia Country Manager Tristan Grupp